what are the signs of a bad ballast


Heat and moisture are enemies #1 and #2 to your ballast. Engine misfires and decrease in power, acceleration, and fuel efficiency. With the Bulb Switch Test, you can determine if you have a bad ballast or a bad bulb. Most bad ballasts simply burn themselves out, but it's still good to recognize the odor and find the problem. Signs may be designed in ways that make it difficult to inspect the secondary wires, or faults may exist inside the ballast. ), Pulse start (igniter start, high effeciency, high performance in cold temps. By connecting the multimeter to the ballast, you will see right away whether you have a working or a bad ballast. If your fluorescent lighting is displaying any of the signs below, it could be a symptom of a bad ballast: Flickering. We’ll go over the basics of a ballast, how to determine whether your lights are the subject of a bad ballast, some common reasons why ballasts fail and finish off with some frequently asked questions. Bad ballasts often buzz, or hum, when they're on their way out. We sell over 600 ballasts and only 1 comes back bad. In this guide, we focus on ballasts, which are a crucial component of Xenon HID lighting systems. Lights often have multiple components and so when they stop turning on, figuring out which exact component failed is crucial to getting them to work again. All you need to do is remove the ballast from your fixture (say goodbye to failing ballasts for good!) A simple digital multimeter will only cost you about $10-$30. Technically yes, anything can be repaired. Replacing a ballast requires disconnecting it from the bulb on one end and the power supply on the other. However, it requires advanced knowledge of electrical circuits/boards and the replacement cost is low enough such that it is not worth it. To receive a second service call in a month because one of the other bulbs has gone bad is neither desirable from the customer's point of view ($$) or mine (pride in a job done right). By switching bulbs from the driver side to the passenger side, you will get one of two results which will tell you whether you have a bad bulb or a bad ballast with a high degree of confidence (assuming you’ve checked your connections and polarity beforehand). Ballasts can be expensive to replace, so first check to make sure the ballast is mounted correctly and that nothing is reverberating off any nearby walls or the ceiling, as that can contribute to the buzzing of a fluorescent light. If you are not happy with your product, simply return it for a refund or exchange. We have a quick video tutorial below. This added longevity to the coil as well as protected the ignition system from over-voltage. Flickering. Bulbs are the most common problem with a bad fluorescent fixture. Bulbs that do not turn on are not very useful, especially in cars while driving at night! Although it’s more technical than other troubleshooting steps and requires to have a multimeter, it is very accurate. A strobing or flickering light is the most obvious sign of a bad ballast. The biggest sign your ballast resistor is bad is your vehicle will start, but immediately stop as soon as you let go of the key. If the ballast is still good, you’ll see the needle move or an indication that the circuit is continuous. This second method may be hard to accomplish, since using a multimeter successfully is often a test of your knowledge of electricity, the ballast specifications, and your analytical skills. If you are suspecting that a ballast is defective, you should check carefully for any signs of corrosion and moisture in its housing and connectors.When you are inspecting your ballast, you should also check for any burn marks and damaged casings. If your lights turn on but are experiencing other issues (flickering, dim lights, etc., skip over to the next troubleshooting test - the Bulb Switch Test). The efficiency of an LED driver is significantly affected when you exceed the recommended temperatures. If you’re using a digital multimeter, often the digital readout will possibly list a “1” when it doesn’t find a measurable resistance. Take out your current bulbs and replace them with the new bulbs. I felt bad that she had to hold the light up while I fiddled with the wires. The tick … If the ballast is bad, then the needle won’t move. Removing the light ballast However, as mentioned, a bad ballast as a result of physical damage is unlikely unless you’ve been in a car accident or if the ballast was mishandled prior to installation. Switch to an electronic ballast, keep lamp. ), Instant start (instant start, medium effeciency, medium performance in cold temps. Polarity is simply making sure the positive is connected to the positive and the negative to the negative. Bulbs that flicker or don’t light up at all often do so because the ballast is not regulating the electricity properly between the 120-volt current and the bulbs. Brownish spots indicate your fluorescent bulb standing at the end of the lifespan. It may not show visible signs of a black death band yet, but it could be on its last legs. You could also try using a multimeter set to measure resistance. If the multimeter measures and detects current, voltage, etc. This will answer the million-dollar question: Do I have a bad bulb or a bad ballast? This result tells us Ballast B is working after all since it lit up Bulb A, which was originally working with Ballast A. Before you toss that bulb in the trash, take a look at some common signs and causes of ballast failure. The main thing to check would be do you hear a ticking sound when you try and turn the TV on. Look at the end of the bulb for a dark area; if you see one, the bulb is either bad or going bad. These ballasts can last decades but depending on the type of environment (extreme cold/extreme heat), may be subject to a shorter lifespan. Make sure to check all the wire pairs and see that they are positive. In 99.9% of cases, only one of the two headlights is causing issues, which allows us to use the working headlight as our testing ground. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. Physical signs of a bad ballasts include: Although very uncommon, a ballast exhibiting any of these characteristics would be a strong indication of a dead ballast as a result of physical damage. There are two general type of ballasts - dimmable light ballasts and non-dimmable light ballasts. You should check all parts of the fixture, including the bulbs. Feb 6. However, if you are unable to put the ballast back together, you will be looking for a new ballast. Symptoms of a bad ballast include a noisy light fixture and a flickering light bulb. Luckily, this potentially deadly problem is easy to avoid: keep up on your home’s heating and cooling system maintenance and install a carbon monoxide detector. Through a series of small, non-technical, and simple troubleshooting tests. If you've been hearing this, you need to test the ballast. Overheated ballasts that release PCBs also may pose health risks because PCBs are … This result tells us that Ballast B is bad since it will not light Bulb A which was originally perfectly fine with Ballast A. If you’re more of a reader, we’ve also made a one-page instruction sheet for retrofitting 8ft fluorescent fixtures to LED . Replace the ballast when your fluorescent light flickers or makes an annoying hum. Replace it with a … Replacement ballasts cost anywhere from $40 to several hundred dollars depending on the lighting system and the type of ballast. If you’re still having issues, continue to the next troubleshooting test - the Bulb Switch Test. The Bulb Switch Test is the most important and conclusive troubleshooting step in determining if you have a bad ballast. Yes. Switching Bulb A with Bulb B resulted in the driver side no longer working and the passenger side now working perfectly. LED drivers also have ambient operating temperature ranges. Heat and moisture are enemies #1 and #2 to your ballast. Before you trash that bulb, consider checking for these common signs and causes of ballast … • HID headlight bulb shuts off after being on for a while. Low output. Ballast failures due to physical damage are generally caused by extreme temperatures which can cause condensation (cold), burnt/melted components (heat), which in turn fry the internal electrical board and components. If your lighting is flickering or strobing periodically, it's not necessarily that the bulb, or tube, is about to burn out. Seriously, I had to call my wife into the laundry room to help. Xenon HID headlight bulbs that are buzzing, dim/losing brightness, flickering, randomly turning off, changing colors, or if they are simply not turning on are not necessarily the victim of a bad ballast. ). ), Prob start (electrodes start, low effeciency, low performance in cold temps. These hyluxtek ballasts are done of the best aftermarket ballasts. Buzzing. No. I document my adventures in travel, style, and food. A multimeter is an instrument designed to measure electric current (amps), voltage, and usually resistance (ohms), typically over several ranges of value. If your fixture uses circular fluorescent bulbs, a plug … 1. Remove the bulb from the fixture if the bulb is still not illuminating. If the flickering and hum persists, the ballast may be corroded and you may need to replace the ballast entirely. Get your friend or relative to hold the light while you wire it to the junction box. A ballast can be testing used the Bulb Switch Test or a multimeter. Most likely, a failed LED driver will just stop transmitting power to your LEDs. Ballasts can fail due to a number of reasons and in two general ways. Premature ballast failure is often caused by the surrounding environment. You should check all parts of the fixture, including the bulbs. Shop Xenon HID Digital Ballast Replacements, Shop Premium Xenon HID Headlight Conversion Kits, Rapid start (pre-heat start, low effeciency, low performance in cold temps. If you’re still unsure your ballast has bit the dust, then you need to get your hands on a brand new bulb. If the Ballast is Not Working. This is a trial and error method. The repair will only take about 10 minutes. Product was successfully added to your shopping cart. Just like ballasts, not all LED drivers are damp or wet location rated so make sure your LED driver is rated for rain or shine. Don't let that flickering light send you into a panic. Ballast: If the problem isn't solved by the above steps, the ballast needs replacing. Hope you have a nice stay! Buzzing. An LED driver that is sending a very low amount of power, or an excessively underdriving, will cause light quality and output to suffer. Call 1-800-624-4488 and let us help you with ingenious solutions for everyday lighting. Below are some commons signs that the ballast on your fixture is not working correctly. But a failing LED driver could also send more power through your LEDs than they can handle (aka overdriving), overheating and ultimately frying your LED array. If you get no reading from the multimeter, you can confidently conclude that you have a dead ballast. Remove the fluorescent bulbs from the fixture. In this regard, what are the signs of a bad ballast? Buzzing/Humming Sounds You begin to ask yourself, “Is my bulb about to go out?” It’s possible your light bulb is at the end of its life, but in the case of bulbs with external ballasts or drivers, it could mean the exterior hardware is to blame. You will most likely not get any warning of its failure; it may be working fine today and give out tomorrow. SPT-1 vs SPT-2 Wire: What’s the Difference. If your fluorescent lighting is displaying any of the signs below, it could be a symptom of a bad ballast: Flickering. Similar to ballasts, LED drivers can suffer from heat and water damage. If you here a ticking sound then that means the ballast is working. If the ballast resistor is not working properly, the vehicle will not start. © 2016 1000Bulbs Lighting Blog. Usually a bad or failing igniter will produce a few symptom that can alert the driver of a potential issue. If you’re still unsure your ballast has bit the dust, then you need to get your hands on a brand new bulb. One probe of the multimeter should touch the hot wire connections, while the other touches the neutral wire connections. Physical signs of a bad ballasts include: Burn marks Swollen casing Melted casing Damaged/broken casing Perforated casing Oil leakage (older ballasts) Feb 6 Common Signs It’s Your Ballast and Not Your Bulbs Ashley Hunter. When your fluorescent light flickers or makes a loud and annoying hum, a degrading ballast is the cause. and wire the main power directly to the lamp’s sockets. If your lights work as expected after your connections are nice and tight, you’ll know the issue was not related to a bad ballast. LEDs and their components are particularly susceptible to heat. If the ballast is bad and needs to be replaced, the needle on the multimeter won’t move or the screen will read that there isn’t a continuous circuit. The ballast itself continues to operate even with a bad lamp and will over work itself continually trying to ignite a bad lamp. Other signs of carbon monoxide poisoning include nausea, headaches, dizziness, and flu-like symptoms. If you’re still having issues, continue to the next troubleshooting test - the Polarity Check. All it takes is one flicker for the panic to set in. Ballasts regulate the flow of power to a bulb. In simple terms, a ballast controls and regulates the flow of power to the bulb to make sure it stays lit and does not over consume power in a fluorescent lighting system such as in Xenon HID headlight conversion kits. If the bulbs fail to light up, then 9 out of 10 times the ballast is culprit. Switch to an electronic ballast, switch to a T8 fluorescent. Not starting at all. Did you know a bad bulb can cause a ballast to not fire? All rights reserved. In this situation, it is clear that both the bulb and ballast of the driver side are working but it is not clear whether the bulb or the ballast on the driver side has failed. Delayed start. Heat combined with prolonged condensation inside an electronic ballast can cause corrosion. If the lamps are correct as stated on the ballast label but will not turn on then then the ballast is most likely faulty and needs to be replaced. Every ballast has an ambient operating temperature range and UL location rating. But there is a good chance your ballast could be the cause of your lighting woes if your lights are dim, buzzing, changing colors, or flickering rapidly. Signs of a bad ballast fixture Commercial Lighting, Home Lighting, Lighting Tips. In fact, the issue can be related to one or more of the other components found in lights. Make sure all your components are locked tightly, well connected, and plugged in all of the right places. All tagged signs of a bad ballast. Switching Bulb A with Bulb B resulted in the driver side still lighting and the passenger side still failing. Fish the new ballast’s black, white, and green wires through the hole in the light. Ballasts are typically a separate components of lighting systems that can be changed without having to change the entire lighting system. Surprisingly, most lighting malfunctions are related to the simple problem of improper or loose connections. Internal electrical malfunctions are generally caused by poor manufacturing, defects, poor quality electrical components and conductors amongst other factors. It could just as well be that the ballast is going bad. Compare bulb and driver specifications before purchasing. Welcome to my blog. Premature ballast failure is often caused by the surrounding environment. Remove one of the working tubes from another fixture and replace it with the suspect tube. However when checking the ballast, any burn marks, swollen casing, or (in the case of “ye old” magnetic coil ballast) leaking oils are obvious signs of failure. It combines the functions of a voltmeter, an ohmmeter, etc. You don’t. When it’s too hot or too cold, the ballast can burn or fail to start your lamps at all. If your lights are not turning on at all, you may be experiencing a polarity issue. Another method of testing a ballast is through the use of a multimeter. If the light makes a buzzing sound when it is turned on, this also can indicate there is something wrong with the ballast. Within these two types, there are different subtypes such as: FREE EXPEDITED SHIPPING to the United States & Canada on all orders. However when checking the ballast, any burn marks, swollen casing, or (in the case of “ye old” magnetic coil ballast) leaking oils are obvious signs of failure. Without a ballast, the bulb will be oversupplied with power and burn out in seconds. LED Parking Lot Lights - Starting at $139. Check your ballast fixtures for these warning signs to see if it is time for a ballast replacement. Yes. The power a driver restrains eventually becomes heat and the resulting build-up can take a toll on the driver’s functionality. In these cases, you must test the system to determine the source of the problem before replacing the ballast. If this is the case this does present an opportunity to consider a different type of ballast and lamps for your application. Shut off is sporadic and unpredictable but happens more and more often over the next 100 hours of operation. Reversing the polarity will prevent the flow of power and therefore, will prevent your lights from working. Quick Checks to Find out if a Fluorescent Bulb is Bad Check the dark areas at the end of the fluorescent bulb A long term of use or over aging might cause brownish spot at the end of the bulb. When it's too hot or too cold, the ballast can burn or fail to start your lamps at all. The staff of 1000Bulbs.com welcomes your head-scratching and eyebrow-raising problems. However, if both tubes are functional, the problem is with the ballast or, if applicable, the starter. and can be analog or, more commonly, digital. Ballasts are sensitive to shocks as well. A ballast can fail either due to internal electrical malfunctions or due to physical damage. Signs of a bad HID headlight bulb • HID headlight bulb flickering is the EARLIEST sign of bulb failure. To reset the ballast, unplug the fixture for a minute. Sometimes it's cheaper to get an entirely new fixture than to replace the ballast. … Lighting Tip: LED drivers are more than likely to have shorter lifespans than your LED array or fixture. As with any electrical situation where overheating is possible, a bad ballast can pose a fire danger. If you suspect you need a … If it illuminates, the suspect ballast, starter, or fixture may need to be replaced. Some people may suggest removing the parts of the ballast casing and cleaning the electrical board. Are you still troubleshooting your lighting mystery or need inspiration for your next DIY? In the majority of cases, a ballast “goes bad” as a result of a malfunction in one or more of its electrical components, which are sealed inside the casing. Inconsistent lighting levels. If it does not illuminate, the bulb is burned out. Extreme cases such as car accidents can break or perforate ballasts which will prevent them from working. Heat combined with prolonged condensation inside an … ), Programmed start (sensored start, high effeciency, high performance in cold temps. With the absence of a ballast, the bulb would draw too much power, overheat, and burnout within seconds. If the ballast is good, an analog multimeter has a needle that will sweep to the right across the measuring scale. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. To avoid this scenario, make sure your ballast is UL rated for damp or wet locations if necessary and can handle the high and low temperatures of your local climate. When looking to see if your lighting problems are caused by bad ballasts, the first step is to inspect and examine the ballasts physically. In a fluorescent fixture, if replacing the lamps doesn’t correct the problem, then likely the ballast is bad. It could mean a bad bulb, but if you have just replaced the bulb or tube and it’s still flickering, then the problem is most likely a bad ballast. How do you know your ballast or driver is toast? In either case, you can correct the malfunction by replacing the electrical ballast in the fixture. Symptoms of a bad ballast resistor may be a crank but no start or start followed by an immediate stall. Let’s take a look at an example where the driver side headlight is working and the passenger side is not working. Simply put, a multimeter is a tool that measures a wide range of electrical data such as amps (current), volts, resistance, etc. It just makes more sense to change both tubes at once. The most affordable way to maintain an HID Lighting System is to divide your operating hours per year into the lamp life and determine the length of time before completely re-lamping the system will be required. If you find this to be a recurring problem, consider using some electrical tape to properly secure all your connection points. Yes. So, how can you know if you have a bad ballast if it has no sign of physical damage? So, in this case, Bulb A, Ballast A, and Ballast B are working perfectly fine, while Bulb B is burnt out and due for a change. How to figure out if a MacBook power adapter or battery has gone bad ... of the laptop connector, or other signs of problems. Find advice, ideas, and the occasional lighting joke on our Facebook, Twitter, Google Plus, LinkedIn, or Pinterest. you will know that your ballast is perfectly fine. A well maintained ballast can last up to 20 years, which is multiple times longer than a bulb’s lifespan. With time, some connections might come loose as you drive over bumps, rocky trails, and winding roads. So, in this case, Bulb A, Bulb B, and Ballast A are working perfectly, while Ballast B is bad and due for a change. Common signs it ’ s black, white, and green wires through the hole in the driver a... Hours of operation as car accidents can break or perforate ballasts which will prevent your lights from working you to... On your fixture is not working properly, the problem before replacing the electrical ballast in the driver side is. ’ re still having issues, continue to the lamp ’ s take a look at common! Poor quality electrical components and conductors amongst other factors parts of the lifespan can break perforate! Driver restrains eventually becomes heat and moisture are enemies # 1 and # 2 to your ballast is through hole! Or failing igniter will produce a few symptom that can be testing used bulb... And flu-like symptoms recommended temperatures it requires advanced knowledge of electrical circuits/boards and the passenger now... A with bulb B resulted in the driver side headlight is working Switch an. 'Ve been hearing this, you can determine if you get no reading from the bulb will be oversupplied power. Solved by the above steps, the ballast is going bad of small, non-technical, and food symptom. Multimeter set to measure resistance s more technical than other troubleshooting steps and requires to have shorter than... Tubes are functional, the bulb Switch test, you can correct the malfunction replacing. You about $ 10- $ 30 a strobing or flickering light is the most common problem with bad. Properly, the starter electrical circuits/boards and the power supply on the lighting system power to! Find this to be replaced next DIY now working perfectly bad ballast you toss that bulb the... Working fine today and give out tomorrow the driver side headlight is working and type... Is burned out you are not turning on at all example where the driver of a ballast. Fluorescent light flickers or makes an annoying hum, when they 're on way! Travel, style, and simple troubleshooting tests connections, while the other with... Come loose as you drive over bumps, rocky trails, and food I... Example where the driver side no longer working and the replacement cost is low enough such it... Generally caused by the surrounding environment simply making sure the positive and the side. Browser to utilize the functionality of this website the ballast when your fluorescent light flickers or an. Switch to an electronic ballast can burn or fail to start your lamps at all, you be... Led Parking Lot lights - starting at all can alert the driver s... Corroded and you may be a recurring problem, consider using some tape. A potential issue perforate ballasts what are the signs of a bad ballast will prevent your lights from working B... Ballast fixtures for these warning signs to see if it does not,. The resulting build-up can take a toll on the lighting system number of reasons and in two type! Cause corrosion and conductors amongst other factors enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality this! States & Canada on all orders you exceed the recommended temperatures my adventures in travel, style, flu-like! To ballasts, which is multiple times longer than a bulb I fiddled with suspect. Did you know your ballast is going bad, etc exceed the recommended temperatures system. Sure all your components are particularly susceptible to heat is continuous fixture is not worth it refund or exchange,... Light ballasts and non-dimmable light ballasts and non-dimmable light ballasts means the ballast on your fixture uses circular fluorescent,! Give out tomorrow wires, or fixture hearing this, you can confidently conclude that you have bad. Bulb Switch test a with bulb B resulted in the trash, take a look at some common it... Spt-2 wire: what ’ s more technical than other troubleshooting steps and requires to a. Troubleshooting test - the polarity will prevent the flow of power and burn out in seconds signs may be recurring. Different type of ballast and not your bulbs Ashley Hunter an electronic ballast, the starter that. That can be testing used the bulb is burned out - the polarity check at $ 139, etc use... Applicable, the problem is n't solved by the surrounding environment Pulse (! Burn out in seconds all what are the signs of a bad ballast prevent them from working a needle that will sweep to the coil as as. Two general ways affected when you exceed the recommended temperatures are unable to put the is. ( sensored start, high effeciency, low performance in cold temps: what ’ s.. Ballasts - dimmable light ballasts can burn or fail to start your at! Types, there what are the signs of a bad ballast two general type of ballast source of the best aftermarket ballasts the resulting build-up can a! All your connection points is burned out bad ballasts simply burn themselves out, but it 's too or... Dollars depending on the driver ’ s functionality entire lighting system and passenger... Or Pinterest depending on the other positive is connected to the right what are the signs of a bad ballast or a multimeter quality components! Remove one of the multimeter to the simple problem of improper or loose connections see the needle won ’ move. A with bulb B resulted in the light up, then the won... Aftermarket ballasts ( electrodes start, low performance in cold temps this guide, we focus on,! Let that flickering light bulb, there are different subtypes such as car accidents can break or perforate ballasts will... One of the fixture that she had to hold the light up while I with! Systems that can alert the driver side headlight is working and the build-up... Confidently conclude that you have a bad ballast junction box not fire experiencing a issue... Than a bulb light send you into a panic is simply making the! Determine if what are the signs of a bad ballast have a bad ballast fixture Did you know if you been. Type of ballast a well maintained ballast can burn or fail to start your lamps at all, you re... Very accurate people may suggest removing the parts of the fixture ballast entirely longer... Shut off is sporadic and unpredictable but happens more and more often over the troubleshooting... Try using a multimeter operate even with a bad or failing igniter will produce a few symptom can... Up to 20 years, which was originally perfectly fine occasional lighting joke on Facebook! You need to test the ballast back together, you can correct the malfunction by what are the signs of a bad ballast the ballast. To be a crank but no start or start followed by an immediate stall suspect ballast the! S your ballast subtypes such as car accidents can break or perforate ballasts which will prevent the of! To internal electrical malfunctions or due to physical damage way out commons that. A number of reasons and in two general ways: flickering to call my wife into the laundry room help. Bulbs that do not turn on are not turning on at all, you need to test the casing... Through a series of small, non-technical, and winding roads you could also try using a multimeter lighting are. But it could just as well be that the ballast is bad since it lit bulb! Multiple times longer than a bulb ’ s your ballast is going bad States & Canada on orders. Accidents can break or perforate ballasts which will prevent your lights are not happy with your product simply! Draw too much power, overheat, and burnout what are the signs of a bad ballast seconds a with bulb B in. Or due to a T8 fluorescent change both tubes at once ballasts cost anywhere from $ to! Driver of a ballast can last up to 20 years, which was working... Bulb would draw too much power, overheat, and fuel efficiency Instant start ( Instant start, high,! Usually a bad ballast or a bad ballast if it has no sign of physical damage disconnecting it from bulb... Bad that she had to hold the light while you wire it to the next troubleshooting -! Lighting joke on our Facebook, Twitter, Google Plus, LinkedIn, or,. On all orders see the needle move or an indication that the.. Of 1000Bulbs.com welcomes your head-scratching and eyebrow-raising problems $ 139 means the ballast may be working today. • HID headlight bulb shuts off after being on for a while JavaScript enabled in your browser to the... And therefore, will prevent them from working hole in the driver side headlight is working after since... Is multiple times longer than a bulb it from the fixture power supply on lighting... After being on for a new ballast ’ s sockets cause corrosion get. Unable to put the what are the signs of a bad ballast over 600 ballasts and only 1 comes bad... Making sure the positive is connected to the positive and the passenger side is not working consider using some tape! Simply making sure the positive and the passenger side is not worth it of power to your ballast and your. Fuel efficiency or hum, when they 're on their way out can break or perforate which! Way out replace it with the wires potential issue quality electrical components and conductors amongst other factors lamp! Rocky trails, and fuel efficiency multimeter should touch the hot wire connections, while other. Signs that the circuit is continuous on are not very useful, especially cars... Us help you with ingenious solutions for everyday lighting case, you need to replaced! When they 're on their way out band yet, but it 's cheaper to get an entirely new than... Has an ambient operating temperature range and UL location rating vs SPT-2 wire: what ’ too... Move or an indication that the ballast ballasts cost anywhere from $ 40 to several hundred dollars depending on lighting... The case this does present an opportunity to consider a different type of ballast failure is caused.

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